How do I know if I have high blood pressure?
High blood pressure often does not have any symptoms, so you usually would not feel it. For this reason, hypertension is usually diagnosed by a health-care professional during a routine check up. Routine check ups are especially important if you have a close relative who has hypertension or show signs of risk factors connected to it.
If your blood pressure is extremely high, you may have unusually strong headaches, chest pain and heart failure (especially when there are signs of heavy breathing and poor tolerance to exercise). If you have any of these symptoms, seek treatment immediately.
Recommended blood pressure levels:
|Blood Pressure Category||Systolic (mmHG)||Diastolic (mmHG)|
|Normal||less than 120||and||less than 80|
|Stage 1 Hypertension||140-159||or||90-99|
|Stage 2 Hypertension||160 or higher||or||100 or higher|
What can be done, if consistently high / low values are obtained?
1. Consult your doctor.
2. There are general lifestyle choices which can be made to both prevent and reduce high blood pressure. These include:
A) Eating Habits
- Strive for normal weight according to your age.
- Avoid excessive consumption of salt!
- Avoid fatty foods!
B) Previous Illnesses
- Adhere to medical instructions given for the treatment of pre-existing illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, fat metabolism disorder or gout.
- Give up smoking!
- Drink only moderate amounts of alcohol!
- Restrict your caffeine consumption (e.g. coffee)!
D) Physical Constitution
- After a preliminary medical examination, exercise regularly.
- Choose sports which require stamina and avoid those which require strength.
- Avoid reaching the limit of your performance.
- With previous illnesses and/or an age of over 40, please consult your doctor before beginning your sporting activities. He will advise you on the type of sport and the extent of which are possible for you.
What are the symptoms of high blood pressure?
High blood pressure is sometimes called the "silent killer" because it usually has no warning signs or symptoms. Many people do not know that they have high blood pressure. This is why it is important to get your blood pressure checked regularly.
What is considered normal blood pressure?
The Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure has classified blood pressure measurements into several categories:
- "Normal" blood pressure is when the systolic pressure is less than 120 and the diastolic pressure is less than 80 mmHg
- "Prehypertension" is when the systolic pressure is 120-139 or the diastolic pressure is 80-89 mmHg
- Stage 1 Hypertension is when your blood pressure readings have a systolic pressure of more than 140-159 or a diastolic pressure of more than 90-99 mmHg or higher.
- Stage 2 Hypertension is when your blood pressure readings have a systolic pressure of 160 or more or a diastolic pressure of 100 or more.
What is high blood pressure?
Blood pressure is the strength of the pushing of the blood against the sides of the blood vessels when the heart beats (systolic pressure) and when the heart is at rest (diastolic pressure). It is measured in millimeters of mercury (mmHg). High blood pressure (or hypertension) is defined in an adult as a blood pressure more than or equal to 140 mmHg systolic pressure or more than or equal to 90 mmHg diastolic pressure.
High blood pressure directly increases the risk of coronary heart disease (which leads to heart attack) and stroke, especially when it is connected to other risk factors.
High blood pressure can occur in children or adults, but it is more common among people over the age of 35. It is particularly prevalent in African Americans, middle-aged and elderly people, obese people, heavy drinkers and women taking birth control pills. It may run in families, but many people with a strong family history of high blood pressure may never have it. People with diabetes mellitus, gout or kidney disease are more likely to have high blood pressure.
What is Bronchitis?
Bronchitis is caused by the inflammation of the bronchial mucus membrane. If this persists for a long period, it is then referred to as chronic bronchitis. Constant coughing, impaired breathing, excess mucus and sputum are typical symptoms.
What is Asthma?
Asthma becomes apparent when there is frequent spasmodic gasping for air and wheezing. Like chronic bronchitis, the bronchi are inflamed and obstructed with phlegm while the cilia are conglutinated. The respiratory passages also respond to a certain stimuli such as muscular spasms which are often caused by allergens such as pollen or house dust including stress and environmental pollution.
How does an inhalation therapy work?
Respiratory diseases can be properly managed with inhalation therapy as the dose reaches the bronchioles and the lung area. In contrast to MDIs or dry powder inhalers, nebulisers allow the medication to be more efficiently deposited with less coordination problems. Consequently, the medication is uniformly deposited within the upper and lower respiratory tract where it has maximum effect.
Another advantage is the fact that the airways are moistened which allows the medicine to be easily inhaled. The side effects of this treatment are reduced when using these inhalation devices instead of MDI or dry powder inhalers as less medication remains in the mouth which has no benefit at all. These inhalation devices are therefore particularly suitable for patients with chronic respiratory diseases, children and older patients.
Ten important things to know about asthma
- Asthma is a chronic lung condition that can develop at any age.
- Asthma cannot be cured, but it can be controlled.
- You can live a normal life with controlled asthma.
- A peak flow meter can help to control your asthma.
- Exercising is possible with properly-controlled asthma.
- Identifying allergies can help to control your asthma.
- Asthma control depends on a regular use of medication.
- Avoiding asthma triggers can reduce the need for medication.
- Smoking and passive smoking can make asthma worse.
- See your doctor if you have any asthma symptoms more than twice a week.